Home / How to / 1.1 How to Loom Knit | Loom Gauge & Yarn (Part 2/2)

1.1 How to Loom Knit | Loom Gauge & Yarn (Part 2/2)

– This is the second part of our beginner overview with popular question from beginner loom knitters Here you'll learn how to pick the loom and yarn to start using and why

(upbeat music) Welcome to GoodKnit Kisses We're all about helping you stitch your love and love your stitches First question, can you explain the peg spacing or gauge? What is that, and why does it matter? When we talk about spacing, we mean the spacing between the pegs We call this spacing, loom gauge The loom gauge determines how big or small the stitches will knit up, on that loom

Just like knitting needles come in many sizes, so do looms The distance the yarn travels from the middle of one stitch to the next makes the size of the stitch The thickness of the peg actually makes up the rest of stitch size because the yarn has to go around it The easiest way to express the spacing is to measure between the center of one peg to the center of the next peg, with a ruler We call this, C2C, or center to center spacing

Now that only covers part of the distance the yarn travels, so some standard terms have been set to express what we call, the loom gauge It's an easier way to put a loom in a category to explain the kind of stitches that can be made on that loom, instead of always saying a measured fraction For example, if you hear large gauge or small gauge, you know which one is bigger or makes bigger stitches So loom gauges are categorized by stitch size, from extra fine all the way to jumbo You don't have to know all these terms and details yet, but I often hear from beginners later that they wish they knew some of this when starting out

And loom gauge is not a swatch or yarn gauge This will be in a future lesson 10, to go deeper This here gives you a taste of some of the lingo you may hear on your journey or see written on loom descriptions or online platforms and forums Just knowing the spacing or loom gauge, along with the yarn you choose, and the stitch you like to knit all work together to make the final size of the stitches you make, which is the final gauge of the knitted fabric This is the difference in a sweater that's too small or a sock that's too big

In the "Knitting Loom Guide," I've compiled a list of loom and brands This is a reference book listing over 500 looms with not only what material it's made from and how many pegs but also loom gauge and loom types, as well as sort by brand and gauge I wanted to show you part of the book on the seven common gauge categories for knitting looms EFG is extra fine gauge FG, fine gauge

SG, small gauge RG, regular gauge LG, large gauge XLG for extra large gauge and jumbo As you can see, it mentions ranges of appropriate yarn and how many stitches per inch can be had out each loom, in those yarns

The link is included in the video description here, but remember it's a reference book, not a how-to book The "Knitting Loom Guide" is set up to make it easier for you to find an equivalent loom for any project once you really start getting into loom knitting and wanna find the right loom for your project or pattern What are looms made of, plastic or wood? Choosing is a personal preference and doesn't change the finished project Plastic is lightweight and makes for great portability, but plastic loom can break Wooden looms are durable and will last indefinitely, but they can be heavy to hold

Most loom use wood only for the base, while incorporating metal or nylon for the pegs They look like plastic pegs How do I choose a loom for my project? The answer depends on three things One, the weight of the yarn you're using Two, the type of project you're making

And three, the number of stitches you will need to make one row around All three of these are equally important When learning, it's best not to overthink each of these Just get started learning, and you'll start pairing yarn, looms, and patterns better as you go We will go over this question in depth in a future lesson, but for now, let's discuss the fastest way to pick the yarn for whatever loom you own right now

This will avoid a project that looks like it has holes in it or one so tight you can barely knit it By the way, this is the gauge, and we'll chat more about this in a few minutes What is yarn weight? Why all the different yarn weights? I thought all yarn was the same (chuckles)? Well yarn weight is the thickness of yarn, which causes it to be heavier per measured length than another In the US

, many yarn labels have a rating system that has a number for the yarn weight The Craft Yarn Council is a nonprofit that determines the standards The lightest yarn starts at zero and the heaviest is seven If I have a length of a medium-weight yarn, also labeled as number four or worsted-weight yarn, it'll be much heavier than something labeled zero lace-weight, cut to the same length Lace-weight is very thin, as seen in like a doily or delicate lace

You can get a fast project idea by looking at the yarn label for a project photo or the yarn makers website for suggested ones How do I know what yarn to use on my loom? The question can really go down the rabbit hole, but we aren't gonna go technical here That will be in a later lesson For now, let's look at a common phrase, use appropriate yarn What does that even mean? It's making sure that the yarn used creates a nice even fabric

Look at your loom Place two strands of yarn side by side between the pegs How much space is there? Is is smooched or kissing together? Is there extra yarn toppling over the peg? Is there a vast space between the pegs like a tiny yarn is swimming in the bathtub by itself (chuckles)? Well now if you wanna create the look of lace, you can totally do that, but we're talking about making a nice stitched knit that could be used for a garment of other project You don't wanna create something see through here I suggest if the two yarns easily fit between the two pegs with the yarn lightly touching each other or a gap smaller than one more strand between them, that loom should work well for that yarn

It's a great idea to test yarn on the loom in a sample called a swatch Please, please use a light, neutral color or pastel when learning Trust me Don't pick black or dark yarn on your first projects You'll thank me later

(laughs) Why make a swatch? Well not only will a swatch show you what your yarn and stitches will look like with that loom but you can see how your knitting will behave What do you mean behave, Kristen? Well you can see how stretchy the fabric is, if it curls or not By the way, curling is also determined by the type of stitch you make I've tested a yarn of a swatch before, I thought would be so pretty, but it didn't turn out the way I thought It saved me a lot of time and money to switch to another yarn

Also, with a swatch, you can measure the size of the stitches, which is that knitted gauge we touched on before Use that information to make the item as big as you want by adding or subtracting stitches on your full project Even if you choose to not make a swatch, you can still see that yarn starts behaving different when the knitting gets long enough to start relaxing Stitches are stretched out along the width of a knitting loom as you begin The further from the loom the stitches get, then the yarn starts to relax and become closer to what the final fabric will look and feel like, as the stitches come closer pulled together

You can't determine how wide the project will be just based upon peg spacing That's why making a small sample or swatch can be really useful in picking your yarn and loom And hint, at GoodKnit Kisses, we have some calculators to help you (laughs) Ready to begin knitting? For now, concentrate on the loom you have with appropriate yarn weight for that peg spacing You'll want to learn how to get the yarn on the loom, make stitches, and see what they look like, and learn to take them off the loom

To get your yarn on the loom is called casting on In our next lesson, I'll show you great cast-ons for beginners, to get you on your way Be sure to click on the next video link the description and subscribe with notifications for new lessons We also have more on our website I can't wait to see you in our next lesson

See you soon (upbeat music) Thanks for joining us today, where we help you stitch your love and love your stitches See you again soon

Source: Youtube

About umoh

Check Also

HOW TO: Change Your Steering Wheel

– Steering wheels have been allowing us to point our majestic horseless carriages wherever we …